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The Underground Economist: Volume 3, Issue 2

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Welcome back to The Underground Economist: Volume 3, Issue 2, an intelligence focused blog series illuminating dark web findings in digestible tidbits from our ZeroFox Dark Ops intelligence team. The Dark Ops team scours the dark web, extending visibility and engagement into places traditional security teams can’t reach to share meaningful and insightful intelligence on the trends and tactics threat actors are leveraging across the dark web and criminal underground. Here’s the latest for the week of January 23, 2023.

Cyber Espionage Service Advertised

Moderately credible threat actor “CINT” advertised a cyber espionage service
on both the English language Dark Web forum “CryptBB” and the
predominantly Russian language Dark Web forum “XSS.” The actor claims
that the service offers business owners a competitive advantage by stealing
confidential data from rival companies, including:

  • Research and development
  • Financial documents
  • Marketing and business plans
  • Personally identifiable information (PII) of employees

The actor specified that the service does not use malware to compromise
target networks, indicating it would likely be more difficult for enterprise
defenders to detect a breach.

ZeroFox assesses the service likely leverages insiders, or some other method
designed to streamline the exploitation of corporate Human Resources
departments at scale, as the actor claimed that their method was very
specialized, leveraging a large network to exfiltrate data.

Our researchers cannot rule out the possibility that this is a scam, since there
are no vouches for the service and the actor is charging peers to test it.

Original post from threat actor “CINT” advertising a cyber espionage service

Malware Loader Disguised As Legitimate Mobile App On Google Play Store

Untested threat actor “Marx” advertised a malware loader embedded in a legitimate financial services application on the Google Play Store, on the predominantly Russian language Dark Web forum “Exploit.” A threat actor could leverage this loader to compromise Android devices with banking malware, like “Cerberus,” “Vultur,” or “GodFather.” This would almost certainly lead to an increase in cyber-attacks against the customers of various financial institutions, since these malware strains are specifically designed to steal the full banking information of victims. The actor charged $3,000 USD per week to use the loader. ZeroFox researchers assess the actor is likely credible based on the fact that they agreed to use an escrow
service, which would require the actor to use a forum admin or middleman to complete the transaction.

Alleged Data Breach At Samsung Announced

Moderately credible threat actor “uetus” announced an alleged data breach impacting Samsung, on the predominantly Russian language Dark Web forum “RAMP.” The actor claims that their team, dubbed “Genesis,” compromised the company’s file sharing server in response to South Korea’s increasing cooperation with NATO. The alleged leak contains employee account credentials and various documents and videos highlighting internal operational security (OPSEC) procedures, including multi-factor authentication details. ZeroFox researchers assess that the “Genesis” group is likely working with an insider at Samsung who is politically motivated, since the actor condemned alleged attacks by South Korea against an unnamed country and threatened to disrupt South Korean networks if these attacks persisted.

Actor Looking For Compromised Business Accounts For Phishing Scam

New and untested threat actor “jaba42” is looking for peers with compromised business email accounts for a phishing scam, on the predominantly Russian language Deep Web forum “Club2Crd.” The actor said they would use the email accounts to launch phishing campaigns
against other employees at the target organizations. This would make the phishing emails seem more legitimate to victims, as the messages would be coming from legitimate email servers. The emails would have weaponized invoice documents attached, which are
designed to compromise a victim’s device and exfiltrate sensitive data. The actor said that they would split the profits from any successful phishing attempts, indicating the actor likely
intends to cash out stolen funds from a victim’s banking or cryptocurrency accounts.

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